About I.V.F Treatment :

IVF i.e. In vitro fertilization is a process by which a woman’s egg is joined or fertilized with a man’s sperm in a laboratory dish. In vitro means “in glass” and is usually carried out in a beaker, test tube, or petri dish. Typically, the egg is fertilized inside the woman’s body. This process is called unassisted contraception. In contrast, IVF is a form of assisted reproductive technology (ART).

There are five steps to IVF treatment

  1. Stimulation – Women are given fertility drugs to boost their egg production.
  2. Egg Retrieval – For the removal of eggs, a surgery called follicular aspiration is performed on the woman.
  3. Insemination and Fertilization – A man’s sperm is placed in a laboratory dish with the woman’s egg and stored in a chamber. Insemination is when the sperm and the egg combine. This process normally takes a few hours. The outcome is successful egg fertilization.
  4. Embryo Culture – The division of a fertilized egg is called an embryo. Tests are done for a few days to ensure the embryo is safe and healthily growing.
  5.  Transfer – The last step in IVF treatment is that the embryo is placed inside the woman’s womb up to five days after fertilization in the laboratory dish.

Side Effects of IVF:

Generally, few women experience side effects from the actual fertility drug, but the process itself can be uncomfortable and mentally draining. IVF treatment involves frequent blood tests and almost daily injections of hormonal drugs.

The initial stage is directed at suppressing the menstrual cycle in order for the doctor to induce ovulation. The woman, at this stage, will go through the typical signs of menopause. During this artificial state of menopause, the woman will have headaches, hot flashes, and mood swings.